O Impacto do Trabalho por Turnos no Sono e Saúde Psíquica

  • João Bastos Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Pedro Afonso Professor Auxiliar da Clínica Universitária de Psiquiatria e Psicologia Médica da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
Palavras-chave: Trabalho por turnos; Sono; Saúde Psíquica; Cuidados de Saúde

Resumo

O trabalho por turnos pode ser definido como qualquer regime fora do horário laboral usual, cujo objetivo se centre no asseguramento de uma continuidade dos serviços prestados. O setor da saúde é particularmente afetado por este tipo de trabalho. O objetivo do presente estudo é rever a literatura corrente relativa aos efeitos do trabalho por turnos no sono e saúde psíquica dos trabalhadores, dando particular ênfase ao seu impacto nos profissionais de saúde. Foi revista a literatura em inglês entre 1984 e 2017 integralmente disponível no PubMed/MEDLINE que avaliasse o impacto do trabalho por turnos no sono e saúde psíquica dos trabalhadores, através das palavras‑chave: shiftwork disorder, sleep, mental health, medical errors, doctors. Foram identificados efeitos deletérios do trabalho por turnos ao nível do sono, saúde psíquica, desempenho cognitivo e laboral dos trabalhadores. Ao nível do sono, este regime laboral aumenta a sonolência excessiva diurna e a insónia. No que que diz respeito à saúde psíquica, o trabalho por turnos potencia o aparecimento de patologia ansiosa, depressão e abuso de substâncias, produzindo ainda alterações cognitivas significativas. Estas alterações cognitivas assumem particular relevância nos profissionais de saúde, podendo aumentar o número de erros médicos cometidos no horário por turnos. O trabalho por turnos produz efeitos significativos no sono, saúde psíquica e desempenho cognitivo dos trabalhadores. É importante a implementação de medidas institucionais e individuais que possam reduzir o impacto do trabalho por turnos nos trabalhadores, particularmente na área da saúde.

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Publicado
2020-05-30
Como Citar
Bastos, J., & Afonso, P. (2020). O Impacto do Trabalho por Turnos no Sono e Saúde Psíquica. Revista Portuguesa De Psiquiatria E Saúde Mental, 6(1), 24-30. Obtido de https://www.revistapsiquiatria.pt/index.php/sppsm/article/view/101
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Artigos de Revisão