Síndromes Psiquiátricos Ligados à Cultura e Conceitos Culturais de Sofrimento em Psiquiatria

  • Tomás Teodoro Department of Psychiatry, Centro Hospitalar Psiquiátrico de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal; CHRC – Comprehensive Health Research Centre, NOVA Medical School – Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4603-3946
  • Pedro Afonso Department of Medical Psychology and Psychiatry, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
Palavras-chave: Angústia Psicológica, Cultura, Distúrbios de Ansiedade, Etnopsicologia, Perturbações Mentais, Stress Psicológico

Resumo

Síndromes psiquiátricos ligados à cultura (SLC) e conceitos culturais de sofrimento incluem síndromes ou manifestações de doença cuja ocorrência se relaciona com contextos culturais particulares. O termo SLC é controverso porque todas as perturbações psiquiátricas ou condições médicas em geral estão por definição associadas ao contexto cultural. Constituem diferentes pontos de vista relativamente à saúde mental baseados em diferentes modelos explicativos da vivência de sofrimento mental. Estes idiomas de sofrimento têm vindo a ter um crescente interesse nos países ocidentais, quer pelo aumento do número de casos reportados, quer pela influência que a psiquiatria transcultural tem vindo a conquistar. Este artigo de revisão pretende descrever a apresentação clínica, aspetos epidemiológicos e características particulares dos SLC mais frequentemente descritos bem como refletir sobre a influência de aspetos culturais nas perturbações psiquiátricas. Em sociedades modernas multiétnicas e multiculturais a discussão sobre estes conceitos permanece, procurando integrar os SLC nos sistemas de classificação atuais ou estabelecer critérios que melhor os definam como potenciais entidades nosológicas próprias.

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Publicado
2020-12-30
Como Citar
Teodoro, T., & Afonso, P. (2020). Síndromes Psiquiátricos Ligados à Cultura e Conceitos Culturais de Sofrimento em Psiquiatria. Revista Portuguesa De Psiquiatria E Saúde Mental, 6(3), 118-126. https://doi.org/10.51338/rppsm.2020.v6.i3.139
Secção
Revisão Narrativa