Exposição a “Tempo de Ecrã” e Psicopatologia na Infância

  • Alexandra Rafael Interna de Formação Específica em Medicina Geral e Familiar na USF Arco Do Prado, ACeS Grande Porto VII – Gaia, Gaia, Portugal
  • Miguel Gouveia Interno de Formação Específica em Medicina Geral e Familiar na USF Nova Via, ACeS Grande Porto VIII – Espinho/Gaia, Gaia, Portugal
  • Sara Guimarães Fernandes Interna de Formação Específica em Medicina Geral e Familiar na USF Nova Via, ACeS Grande Porto VIII – Espinho/Gaia, Gaia, Portugal
  • Ana Vera Costa Interna de Formação Específica em Psiquiatria da Infância e Adolescência no Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova de Gaia e Espinho, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal
  • Sara Melo Assistente Hospitalar Graduada de Psiquiatria da Infância e Adolescência na Unidade de Saúde Local de Matosinhos, Matosinhos, Portugal
  • Sandra Borges Assistente Hospitalar Graduada de Psiquiatria da Infância e Adolescência no Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia e Espinho, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal
  • Joana Calejo Jorge Assistente Hospitalar de Psiquiatria da Infância e Adolescência o Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia e Espinho
  • Graça Mendes Assistente Graduada Sénior e Diretora de Serviço de Psiquiatria da Infância e Adolescência no Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia e Espinho, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal
Palavras-chave: Adolescente, Criança, Psicopatologia, Tempo de Ecrã

Resumo

Introdução: A disponibilidade de ecrãs tem sido associada a efeitos negativos. Pretendemos caracterizar e comparar o “tempo de ecrã” em crianças e adolescentes da área de Vila Nova de Gaia, com e sem psicopatologia. 

Material e Métodos: Estudo observacional, com amostra de conveniência e aplicação de questionários entre 1 de outubro de 2018 e 31 de junho de 2019 a crianças e adolescentes seguidos em Cuidados Saúdes Primários e em consulta de Psiquiatria da Infância e Adolescência. 

Resultados: Amostra de 223 participantes, 184 com psicopatologia (82,5%) e 39 sem (17,5%). A maioria apresentava “tempo de ecrã” superior ao recomendado (71,4%), com superioridade naqueles com psicopatologia (p=0,006). Verificámos o mesmo relativamente à utilização de dispositivos ao adormecer ou background TV (p=0,024 e 0,008, respetivamente). A covisualização foi mais frequente nos participantes sem psicopatologia (p=0,045). O “tempo de ecrã” superior ao recomendado, background TV e covisualização mantiveram‑se significativos após regressão logística (p=0,029, p=0,024 e p=0,013, e OR = 3,741 [IC 1,148‑12,194]; OR=3,494 [IC 1,175‑10,392] e OR = 0,249 [IC 0,083‑0,750] respetivamente). 

Discussão: Os resultados coadunam com o que éapontado na literatura sobre uma possível associação entre “tempo de ecrã” e psicopatologia. Será importante avaliar o efeito de causalidade desta associação. 

Conclusão: O “tempo de ecrã” éexcessivo e mais frequente nos participantes com psicopatologia. A uniformização de recomendações e adaptação à realidade portuguesa são de relevância crescente na atualidade. 

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Publicado
2020-11-27
Como Citar
Rafael, A., Gouveia, M., Guimarães Fernandes, S., Costa, A. V., Melo, S., Borges, S., Calejo Jorge, J., & Mendes, G. (2020). Exposição a “Tempo de Ecrã” e Psicopatologia na Infância. Revista Portuguesa De Psiquiatria E Saúde Mental, 6(2), 54-66. https://doi.org/10.51338/rppsm.2020.v6.i2.161
Secção
Artigo Original