O Consumo Alcoólico Estará Aumentado em Adolescentes com Fat Bingeing?

  • João Marques Master’s degree in medicine, at Faculty of Medicine of Porto University, Porto, Portugal
  • Isabel Brandão PhD, Member of the Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health Department, at Faculty of Medicine of Porto University, Porto, Portugal
Palavras-chave: Adolescente, Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas, Gorduras na Dieta, Transtorno da Compulsão

Resumo

A evidência tem sugerido que existem alterações, de índole neuroquímica e comportamental, que ocorrem durante uma perturbação aditiva e que propiciam uma perturbação aditiva subsequente, inclusive após a primeira ter terminado. Esta associação, entre dependências de substâncias, parece ser bastante representativa para fat bingeing e consumo alcoólico, que constituem, então, um exemplo representativo de associação sequencial entre perturbações aditivas, particularmente na adolescência. Assim, o objetivo principal da seguinte revisão é verificar se adolescentes com fat bingeing, tiveram aumento do consumo alcoólico, após término do fat bingeing, e num cenário positivo, compreender porque é que tal associação acontece. Depois de uma pesquisa em bases de dados, como a MEDLINE (PubMed) e a Clarivate Analytics Web of Science, foram considerados os artigos que incluíram fat bingeing e consumo alcoólico em adolescentes, quer humanos quer ratos. Os resultados reunidos defendem fortemente a hipótese questionada. Os diferentes estudos, que afirmaram que adolescentes com fat bingeing têm consumo alcoólico aumentado, baseiam‑se, fundamentalmente: na vigente cultura de fat food e consumo alcoólico, nos traços de personalidade transversais a doentes com dependência de substâncias, nas suscetibilidades inerentes à própria adolescência para dependência, e na instalação neuroquímica e comportamental de craving, após a cessação de fat bingeing. Tendo em conta que a adolescência é uma fase chave no desenvolvimento estrutural e funcional do ser humano, e conhecendo os efeitos pejorativos, fisiológicos e sociais, do fat bingeing e do consumo alcoólico, é recomendado que seja dada prioridade a intervenções multidisciplinares, de nível psicoterapêutico e farmacológico, que possam combater as perturbações consideradas.

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Publicado
2020-05-30
Como Citar
Marques, J., & Brandão, I. (2020). O Consumo Alcoólico Estará Aumentado em Adolescentes com Fat Bingeing?. Revista Portuguesa De Psiquiatria E Saúde Mental, 6(1), 40-50. Obtido de https://www.revistapsiquiatria.pt/index.php/sppsm/article/view/126
Secção
Artigos de Revisão